While it is recommended not to start seeds on the windows sill. It is all you have sometimes. It has mostly worked for me but the plants grow to be spindly and they are not as strong. There are several type of "Grow Lights" that can be purchased which might work best but for most window light is all that is available.
The other items you need for seed starting are small pots and seed starting mix. I usually use the peat pots which are biodegradable. The process is fairly simple.
Get the pots ready
Fill the pots half or three fourths full with soil
Pour water to wet the soil
Drop the seeds
Cover the seeds with more soil
Sprinkle with more water
Prepare all the pots
A backyard greenhouse might work. I am trying these out for the first time. Will have to see how they work.
Depending on the type of seed, they have to be started 4-6 weeks before they are ready to be planted outside.
The rules are
Check the last frost date for your area.
Start your seeds indoors ready to be transplanted, 4-6 weeks before last frost depending on the type of seed and how many days are required for germination.
Harden the plants by leaving them in their seed starting containers outside for a couple of days before transplanting.
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